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  近几年的4级作文题基本上都以供给考生就某种现实情状或意见发表自个儿的视角,内容多是考生所耳熟能详的社会热点话题或博士生活难题。写好四级作文有多个关键点:第一,依据英文的表明习惯来布局撰写结构;第二,用本身熟练的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出本人的意见和观点。因而,老师将如约起承转合的结构布局,为我们详细介绍一下作文中常用的机要涉及词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供有效的素材。

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  (一)起

一、起先句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大大学陆续启幕,很多过初试的考生已经开首了不安的复试准备,让大家最为担心的是英语复试的备考。能或不可能博取最后的中标,乌Crane语复试是贰个重大。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  自作者介绍还足以提前背一背,可如若抽到三个自由的话题让大家举办叙述的话,就会有早晚的难度。这里老师就给我们介绍两种展开话题的诀窍,希望我们能够利用上,使自个儿的谈话表明更为的一清二楚流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

2.It goes without saying that… 显而易见,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

叁.It can be said with certainty that… 能够一定地说……

  因果法是用来解释“为何”的题材。大家得以依照多少个结实去演绎其原因,要以事实和证据为基于,前后经过要合乎逻辑和原理。例如:“你干什么报考硕士”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

4.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  四. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

六.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…

  定义法可以用来阐释“是什么样”的难题,即用一段话来解释表达某些抽象的定义或具体育赛事物的习性、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What
is honesty? 大家可以用如下情势来展开演讲:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

柒.It‘s likely that … 那只怕是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 那是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

玖.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它差不离向来不太多的说…

  例证是为着验证核心而存在的。当宗旨为理论性或概述的论点时,就必要经过举例或例证来加以支持,以说服听者,同时要留心逻辑严厉。例如:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on 电视 or radio.

  (二)承

十.What calls for special attention is that…亟需越发注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 涉嫌词语或根本词汇:

1一.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可不可以认

  同理可得,报考大学生复试时,获得难点后应及时审题,积极思索,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,那样会使您的解说更具逻辑性。展开的点子就是利用因果法、定义法、例证法等。其余注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神调换,牢牢地抓住对方的集中力。在复试前的关键时期,大家一定要多磨练与人交换的力量。祝大家报考硕士复试顺遂,超过常规发挥,顺遂进入自身心仪的学堂!

  递进:

1二.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 未有何样比那更首要的是…

  来源:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

一3.what‘s far more important is that… 更要紧的是…

  举例:

二、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

一.A case in point is … 一个首屈一指的例证是…

  因果:

二.As is often the case…出于经常状态下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

三.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

四.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore
但是难题并非如此简单,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

⑤.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  二. 句型及常用表明结构:

6.For all that…对于那一体…… In spite of the fact that…即便事实……

  举例:

七.Further, we hold opinion that… 别的,我们持之以恒认为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

八.However , the difficulty lies in…然则,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

玖.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,大家要留意…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

1一.In view of the present station。鉴于近日地势

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be
sufficient。

1二.As has been mentioned above…正如上面所关联的…

  因果:

13.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从那些角度上我们能够说

  There are several reasons for…

1四.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is…
然则笔者辈还得看看东西的单向,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

三、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

1.I will conclude by saying… 最终自身要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following
conclusion…

二.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…由此,咱们有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …,
thirdly,…

三.All things considered,简单的说 It may be safely said
that…它能够有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

肆.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more
advisable…由此,在小编眼里,更可取的是…

  分类:

五.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion
that…通过上述斟酌,我们得以得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

陆.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion
that…通过数量大家得到的下结论是,…

  …may be divided into…

7.It can be concluded from the discussion
that…从中大家得以汲取那样的下结论

  (三)转

8.From my point of view, it would be better if…以作者之见……可能越来越好

  转折:

四、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless,
unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

www.bifa2222.com,6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

5、常用来引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

一.Some people think that … 有个别人认为…To be frank, I can not agree with
their opinion for the reasons
below。坦率地说,笔者不可能同意他们的看法,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

2.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different
now。多年来,……平素被视为……,但后日的状态有十分大的差异。

  (四)合

叁.I believe the title statement is valid because…
我以为那些论点是不利的,因为…

  壹. 提到词汇或要害词汇:

4.I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …作者无能为力完全同意这一视角的…
I believe…

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a
result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by
and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly
speaking

五.My argument for this view goes as follows。小编对这么些问题的见地如下。

  贰. 句型及常用表达结构:

六.Along with the development of…, more and more…随着……的提高,越多…

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

7.There is a long-running debate as to
whether…有三个经久运维的答辩,是不是…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

8.It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized
that…它一般是认为…

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to
stop/prevent…

玖.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the
latter。就我而言,作者完全同意前者/后者。

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we
will have a brighter future of…

10.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the
argument of both sides。在付给作者的见识以前,作者想有须求看看相互的实证。

  以上那些语汇、短语和句型对于考生来说都以一定实惠的文章素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在检查测试中能够选用了解。

6、表示相比和对待的常用句型和表明法

1.A is completely / totally / entirely different from B。

2.A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect。

3.A and B differ in…

4.A differs from B in…

5.The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in…

6.Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B…

7.A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B…

8.While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B…

9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different。

10.Both A and B … However, A…; on the other hand, B…

11.The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

7、演绎法常用的句型

一.There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to
three major ones。有多少个原因……,但貌似,他们能够归咎为三个主要的。

二.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are
the most typical ones。有不胜枚举要素可能占…,但以下是最典型的。

三.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following
ones may be most
effective。有成都百货上千主意能够缓解那一个题材,但上面包车型大巴只怕是最实惠的。

4.Generally, the advantages can be listed as
follows。一般的话,那几个优势能够列举如下。

5.The reasons are as follows。

八、因果推理法常用句型

1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot。

2.If we read the book, we would learn a lot。

3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence /
consequently / for this reason / because of this, we‘ve learned a lot。

4.As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we‘ve
learned a lot。由于阅读那本书,大家早已学到了诸多。

5.The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much。

6.Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much。

7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight。

捌.Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight。
吃太多导致超重。

9、段首万能句子

一。关于……人们有例外的视角。一些人觉得……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ 。Some people
suggest that ____。

二。俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,尽管在明日,它在重重场地依旧适用。

There is an old saying______。It“s the experience of our
forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today。

叁。以往,……,它们给我们的平日生活带来了成都百货上千重伤。首先,……;其次,……更为不佳的是……

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily
life.First, ____ Second,____。What makes things worse is
that______。

4。今后,……很广泛,许四人欣赏……,因为……,其它(而且)……

Nowadays,it is common to ______。Many people like ______
because ______。Besides,______。

五。任何事物都以有两面性,……也不例外。(www.lz一3.cn)它既有有益的1方面,也有不利的一方面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has
both advantages and disadvantages。

陆。关于……人们的意见各区别,1些人以为(说)……,在他们看来,……

People‘s opinions about ______ vary from person to person.Some
people say that ______。To them,_____。

七。人类正面临着3个严重的题材……,那些题材变得尤其严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and
more serious。

八。……已改成人的青眼的热门话题,尤其是在年青人中间,将掀起热烈的辩解。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the
young and heated debates are right on their way。

九。……在我们的平时生活中起着更是主要的效应,它给大家带来了广大功利,但与此同时也吸引部分严重的难点。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our
day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some
serious problems as well。

10。依据图片/数字/计算数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图能够看出……很扎眼……,不过为啥呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar
graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______
while.Obviously,______,but why?

十、中间段落万能句子

一。相反,有部分人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们以为……

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___。At the same
time,they say____。

贰。可是,小编觉着那不是缓解……的好办法,比如……最不好的是……

But I don”t think it is a very good way to solve ____。For
example,____。Worst of all,___。

叁。……对大家国家的迈入和建设是要求的,(也是)卓殊首要的。首先,……而且……,最要害的是……

______is necessary and important to our country“s development and
construction.First,______。What”s more, _____。Most
important of all,______。

四。有多少个可供我们秉承的章程。首先,大家能够……

There are several measures for us to adopt.First, we can______

5。面临……,我们相应利用壹体系有效的方法来……1方面……,另1方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective
measures to______。For one thing,______For
another,______

陆。早就应该拿骑行动了。比如说……,此外……全体这么些主意肯定会……

It is high time that something was done about it.For
example。_____。In addition。_____。All these measures will
certainly______。

7。为什么……?第2个原因是……;第3个原因是……;第多个原因是……总的来说,……的重大原因是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______。The second
reason is ______。The third is ______。For all this, the
main cause of ______due to ______。

八。然则,正如任何事物都有上下五个方面同样,……也有它的不利的一边,象……

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides,
______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______。

九。尽管如此,笔者信任……更有益。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous。

10。完全同意……那种理念(陈述),主要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______。

十一、结尾万能句子

壹。至于自身,在某种程度上自个儿同意后边的看法,作者以为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some
extent.I think that ____。

二。简单来讲,整个社会应当密切关切……那些难题。唯有如此,我们才能在明日……

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem
of ______。Only in this way can ______in the future。

三。可是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……可是,把那两者相比较,笔者更倾向于(喜欢)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example,
_____, while_____。Comparing this with that, however, I
prefer to______。

四。就作者个人而言,作者深信……,因而,作者确信美好的前途正等着大家。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____。Consequently, I‘m confident that
a bright future is awaiting us because______。

伍。随着社会的提升,……因而,急迫要求……假诺种种人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,那么些社会即将变得愈加好。

With the development of society, ______。So it“s urgent and
necessary to ____。If every member is willing to contribute himself
to the society, it will be better and better。

六。至于小编(对自个儿的话,就小编而言),作者觉着……更客观。只有这么,我们才能……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____。Only in this way can
you _____。

7。对自身来说,笔者认为有供给……原因如下:第二,……;
第1,……;最终……但一样非同一般的是……

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____。The reasons are as
follows.First _____。Second ______。Last but not
least,______。

八。在完全上很难说……是好恐怕坏,因为它在相当的大程度上取决于……的地貌。但是,就笔者个人而言,笔者发现……

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it
depends very much on the situation of______。However, from a
personal point of view find______。

玖。综上所述,我们得以驾驭地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the
conclusion that____。

10。假诺大家不选择有效的章程,就大概控制不了那种势头,就会冒出1些想不到的不良后果,所以,大家相应做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and
some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do
is_____。

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