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  并列句和主从复合句

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  并列句基本概念:

英语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点1

  并列复合句是由两个或两个以上并列而又独立的简单句构成。两个简单句常由并列连接词连在一起;但有时不用连接词,只在两个简单句之间用一逗号或分号。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  1.as…as.。。引导的比较级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像你一样学习努力。

  2、常见的并列句:

英语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  (2)在否定句或疑问句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  (1) 用来连接两个并列概念的连接词有and , not only…but also…,
neither…nor…等,and所连接的前后分句往往表示先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若第一个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用将来时。

简单句、并列句和复合句

  2.only引导的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  (2) 表示在两者之间选择一个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or
else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若第一个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用将来时。

考点一 简单句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
只有勤奋、正直,一个人在生活中才能成功。 

  (3) 表明两个概念彼此有矛盾、相反或者转折,
常用的连接词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态一致。

  1. 简单句只包含一个主谓结构.

  2. 五种简单句:

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  只有那位女生知道怎样解那道题。

  (4) 说明原因, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态一致。

1) 主+谓. He comes at last.

  3.wish引导的虚拟语气:wish
后面的从句,当表示与事实相反的情况,或表示将来不太可能实现的愿望时,其宾语从句的动词形式为: 

  (5) 表示结果,用连接词so, 前后分句时态一致。

2) 主+系+表. She is a teacher.

  ⑴表示对现在情况的虚拟:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be
的过去式用were.   

  主从复合句

The soup tastes nice.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
我希望知道这个问题的答案。(可惜不知道。) 

  1、概念:

3) 主+谓+宾. They reached the village.

  ⑵表示对过去情况的虚拟:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

  主从复合句由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成。主句为句子的主体,从句只用作句子的一个次要成分,不能独立成为一个句子。从句通常由关联词引导,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在一起。如:While
the grandparents love the children, they are strict with
them.(爷爷奶奶们很爱孩子,同时对他们也严格要求。) / It seemed as if the
meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else)
you’ll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不及了。) / However I cook eggs, the
child still refuses to eat
them.(不管我用什么方法煮鸡蛋,小孩还是不肯吃。)

4) 主+谓+间宾+直宾.He gave me a pen.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
我后悔不该浪费这么多时间。( 实际上已经浪费掉了。) 

  2、分类:

5) 主+谓+宾+宾补.I find that book very useful.

  ⑶表示对将来的主观愿望:谓语动词形式为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在这种情况下,主句的主语与从句的主语不能相同,因为主句的主语所期望的从句动作能否实现,取决于从句主语的态度或意愿(非动作名词除外)
。 

  从句按其在复合句中的作用,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各条)

考点二 并列句

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能停止。 

  3、各从句在句子中的位置以及用法:

并列句:两个或两个以上的简单句,用连词连接起来。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,可以表示请求,通常意味着说话人的不快或不满。

  (1)
表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它位于主句中的系动词之后。

常用的连接词有:

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  我希望你安静一些。 

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is
because you are so clever.

  1. 表示顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  4.it形式宾语:和it 作形式主语一样,  我们常用it 来作形式宾语,
把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 这种情况尤其出现在带复合宾语的句子中。

  (2) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to
overcome difficulties.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他表明他不会屈服。 

  ①基本形式:(主句+)连词+从句主语+从句谓语+…

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she
succeeded.

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

  ② 关于宾语从句连词的选择:

  1. 表示选择关系和否定条件的有or(还是,否则)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。我们越害怕困难,困难就会变得越强大。

  若从句来源于一个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that可以省略;

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  语法知识点2

  若从句来源于一个一般疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  1. 宾语从句:一般疑问句做宾语,引入if或whether

  若从句来源于一个特殊疑问句,则连词就是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  1. 表示转折关系的有but, yet等。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of
human beings.(他们相信计算机终将代替人类。) (从句本来就是陈述句)/ I
wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster.
(我不知道是不是该为他在校长跟前说点什么。) (从句来源于一般问句Shall I
say something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could
get such medicine. (他问我在哪儿能搞到那样的药。)
(从句来源于特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

He is young, but he works hard.虽然他年轻,但工作努力。

  2. 原因状语从句:since引导的

  ③
宾语从句的时态问题:如果主句是现在时,从句则用现在某一时态,甚至可以用过去时;

  1. 表示因果关系的有for, so 等。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  如主句是过去时,从句则相应地使用过去某一时态,遇到客观真理时仍然用现在时。如:I
think I will do better in English this term.
(我想本学期我的英语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the
earth is round. (老师问那个男孩地球是不是圆的。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 我的腿疼,因此我去看医生。

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely…when。.

  ④ 下列结构后面的从句一般也作为宾语从句看待:

考点三 主从复合句:宾语从句

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad +that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late.
(对不起,我迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment.
(恐怕他此刻不在家。)

  1. 宾语从句的引导词

  4. If虚拟条件句

  (3)
状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其位置可以在主句前或主句后。状语从句可以分为时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、比较、让步、条件等几种。状语从句由从属连接词引导。

(1)引导 陈述句用 that(在口语和非正式文体中常常省略)

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

  时间状语从句通常由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as
,since, till (until), while, whenever
等引导。时间状语从句一般放在句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许使用将来时,而应该用现在时替代。如:
When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam.
(你完成工作就可以出去和Jim一起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes
back. (妈妈回来了我才会走。)

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词后面,作介词的宾语。

  地点状语从句通常由 where, wherever等引导。如:Go back where you came
from! (哪里来还滚到哪里去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief
who stole my necklace wherever he may be.
(我永远也不会忘记去抓住那个偷我项链的贼,无论他会在哪里。)

(2) 引导一般疑问句用if或whether.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

  原因状语从句通常由because, since,
as等引导,一般放在句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had
found a good university for him.
(他出国了,因为他父亲给他找了一所好大学。)

She asked me if\ whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  6.状语从句省略(分词作状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语一致,状从省略采用分词作状语。例句:

  目的状语从句通常由so that…, so…hat…, in order that…
等引导,往往放在句尾,从句中通常含有can / could / may /
might等情态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first
train. (他起身更早为的是赶上第一班车。)

(3) 引导特殊疑问句,要用原来的特殊疑问词。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  结果状语从句通常由 so that…, so…that…
等引导,放在句尾。结果状语从句一般表示已经发生的事情,故多为过去时态。如:He
lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one.
(他丢了那么多辆自行车,他决定再也不买

She asked them what they were doing.

  语法知识点3

新车了。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的两个句子成为并列句。

  比较状语从句通常由as, than, as
(so)…as等引导,一般省略从句的谓语部分,只剩下名词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane
is much taller than I/me. (Jane比我高多了。) / I don’t have as many
books as you (do). (我书没有你多)

I want to know when the train left.

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前者情况适用于后者”。例句:

  让步状语从句通常由though (although), as, even if( even though),
however, whatever等引导。如:Even if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I
will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me.
(即使你替我还了债我也不会感谢你,因为它与我毫无关系。) / He wears a
T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了一件T恤衫,尽管天很冷。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  You are a student, so am I。

  条件状语从句通常由if, unless, as long
as等引导,条件状语从句一般放在句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许使用将来时,而应该用现在时替代。You
will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much
harder. (即将来到的期末考试你肯定考不及格,除非你更用功。) / If it doesn’
t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking.
(如果明天不下雨我们就要去徒步旅行。)

(1)主句是一般现在时,一般将来时或祈使句,宾语从句可根据实际需要选用各种时态。

  3.定语从句 who引导的限定性定从。例句:

  [注意]
1、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so不可以同在一个句子中成对出现。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教我们英语的那个女孩吗?

  2、时间、条件、原因,让步状语从句放在句首时需要用逗号与主句隔开。

(2) 主句是过去时态,宾语从句应使用过去时的相应时态。

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (4)
定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

  ① 定语从句的位置:放在名词或代词的后面。如:The man who has an
umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是我的叔叔。)

(3)
如果宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用什么时态,从句都用一般现在时。

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

  ②
语法术语的改变:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;引导定语从句的连接词称为关系词,其中that、which、who称为关系代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since
的不同之处在于,now that
引出的必须是一个新出现的事实或情况,如果依然如故,和过去相比并没有变化,则不用
now that 引导。

  ③ 关系代词或关系副词的作用:

  1. 练习

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然我们把所有材料都准备好了,我们应该立刻开始这项新的工作。

  关系代词who、whom
和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物,
有时也指人,它们在从句中可以作主语或宾语。定语从句中关系代词作从句宾语时可以省略。This
is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days.
(这个就是我们近日一直在找的小偷。) / Please find a room which is big
enough for all of us to live in. (请找一间足够大能住下我们全体的房间。)

1)Sheasked me, “Will you go to the cinema tomorrow?”
(改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  7. 原因状从:for的用法。由because
引导的从句如果放在句末,且前面有逗号,则可以用并列连词 for
来代替。但如果不是说明直接原因,而是多种情况加以推断,就只能用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他今天没来,因为他生病了。

  关系副词when或where引导定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地点状语。如:This
is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago.
(这是一个星期前他们吵架的房间。) / I can never forget the day when I
first saw you. (我永远不会忘记第一次见到你的日子。)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  8. 原因状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  ④
限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不能省略,否则主句意思就不完整。非限制性定语从句和主句之间往往用逗号分开,这种从句是一种附加说明,如果从句子中省去,也不致于影响主句的意思。如:She
spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us
had heard of.
(她一个晚上都在谈论她最近的书,我们一个人都没有听说过那本书。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

  [注解]

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  1、关系代词只能用that的情况:

3) — Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 私营化的优点在于能促进相互竞争。

  当先行词是指事物的不定代词(all,
anything等),或先行词部分含有最高级,或含有序数词时,不能用其他的关系代词,只能用that.
如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉我的话似乎不真实。) /
Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside?
(能不能给我点里面没有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that
runs in our city. (这是第一辆运行于我市的双层公交车。)

— I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  10. 不定式:不定式做目的状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

  2、关系代词在从句中作主语时一般用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you
help

  文章来源:跨考教育[微博]

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner?
(你认识那个在角落里哭泣的女人吗?) / Do not tell me any words that have
nothing to do with me. (跟我无关的话,请一个字也不要说。)

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______
(rise) inthe east.

  3、关系代词作从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词常常省略。

考点四 状语从句

  如:Tom’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to.
(Tom的父亲是我们老师第一个谈话的人。)

一、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  4、当关系代词紧跟在介词后面时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又可以使用that或who.

1.地点状语从句

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the
room Miss Li once lived in.) (这是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)

地点状语从句通常由 where 引导。

  (5)
主语从句:在句子中充当句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词之前。通常由that,whether以及疑问连词引导。一般情况下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When
we should start is still a question.
(我们该在什么时候开始还是个问题呢。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  直接引语和间接引语

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  1、直接引语和间接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原来的语句,称为直接引语。在书写时,直接引语用引号。用自己的词语来转述表达原来说话人说的内容,称为间接引语。

2.时间状语从句(主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时)

  2、直接引语改变为间接引语:

时间状语从句的引导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since,
while, as 等

  1、直接引语如果是陈述句,变为间接引语时应注意以下各点:

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  ①不用引号,而用连接词that,但有时可省略。

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  ②人称作相应变化;

3.条件状语从句

  ③主句里的动词如果是过去时,间接引语中的时态一般应作相应改变:
一般现在时变一般过去时;一般将来时变过去将来时;现在进行时变过去进行时;现在完成时变成过去完成时;一般过去时变成过去完成时;但一般过去时如与一个具体的过去时间连用,则时态不变。

在条件状语从句中,常用的引导词有if, unless等。

  如:He says,”I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the
USA.

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long
time.”

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

  →Mr Smith said to his girl friend that he had not seen her for a
long time.

4.原因状语从句

  2、直接引语如果是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,需用从属连接词whether或if引导,词序要改变。如:Lin
Tao said to Miss Green, “Is it made in China?” →Lin Tao asked Miss Green
if it was made in China.

原因状语从句常用的引导词有because, as, since(既然)等

  3、直接引语如果是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时,需用疑问词引导,词序是:连词+主语+谓语。

He didn’tcome because he was ill.

  如:Lucy said to me, “How can I help?” →Lucy asked me how she could
help.

Since weare students, we should study hard.

  4、直接引语如是祈使句,变间接引语时,须将祈使句变为动词不定式,并在动词不定式前用tell,
ask, order. 如:He said to the little boy,“ Come here, young man! ”

*Because 和so 不能在一个句子中同时使用。

  →He asked the little boy to go there.

  1. 结果状语从句

  5、直接引语变为间接引语时,指示代词以及表示时间和地点的词或词组应作相应变化

结果状语从句主要由so…that…, such…that…引导。

  倒装句: 谓语的一部分或者全部放在主语之前的句子称为倒装句。

It’s sohot that we want to go swimming.

  1、THERE BE句型以及以here、there开头的句子。如: There are a lot of
children in the showroom. (在展览室里有许多的小孩。)/ Here comes the
bus. (公交车来了。) / There goes the bell. (铃响了。) / The door opened
and in came Mr Lee. (门开了,李先生走了进来。)

That’ssuch an interesting story that everybody likes it.

  2、用“So / Nor / Neither + 助动词 +
主语”倒装结构表示第二个人物的情况与上文的人物情况相同。如:Tom went to
the beach last week, and, so did I. (Tom上个星期去了海滩,我也是。) / Li
Mei’s bought nothing from the shop. Neither has Jim.
(李梅没有在店里买什么,Jim也没有买。)

*So… that…与简单句之间的句型转换

  3、在疑问句中,通常使用在主语之前安放助动词的倒装方法,对主语提问除外。如:How
did he find the lost book? (他是怎么样找到丢失的书的?) / Where are they
going to spend the summer vacation? (他们打算到哪儿过暑假?)

1) that后的句子是否定句,常用too…to进行转换。

  4、感叹句中通常将被感叹的部分前移,而将句子的主谓语整体后置。
如:What a beautiful flower (it is)! (那是多漂亮的花!)

He is soyoung that he can’t go to school.à he is too young to go to
school.

  5、有引号引用某人的原话时,引号外面的主谓一般采用倒装形式放在句尾,但是,若主语是代词则不倒装。如:“What
on earth are you doing up there?” said the father.
(父亲说:“你在上边到底干什么?”) / “What on earth are you doing up
there?”he said. (他说:“你在上边到底干什么?”)

2) that后的句子是肯定句。常用enough to 进行转换。

  附加注释

The shirtwas so cheap that he bought it. à the shirt was cheap enough
forhim to buy.

  die、dead、death的用法:die是动词,可以独立做谓语,有各种时态变化,也可以变成非谓语形式作句子的其他成分;dead是形容词,作句子的定语、表语或宾语补足语;death是名词,作句子的主语、宾语等。如:I’m
going to die! (我要死了!) / The man has been dead for about three
months. (那个人死了三个月左右。) / He is worried to death.
(他急得要死。)

6.目的状语从句

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目的状语从句常用的引导词有so that, in order that 等àin order to 简单句

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Pleasesay it in a loud voice so that everyone can hear it.

He worksharder in order that he can go to a good college.

  1. 让步状语从句

引导词有though, although, even if, even though(尽管)等。

He oftenhelps others though\ although he is not rich.

They willstand by you even if you don’t succeed.

*Though, although与but 不能同时出现在一个句子中

8.比较状语从句

比较状语从句由than, as…as…, not as\so… as等引导。(比较级)

He ismore outgoing than I.

He ran asfast as Mike.

二、练习

  1. It’squite common in Britain to say “thankyou”tothe drivers _____
    people getoff the bus.

a.after b. since c. until d. when

  1. Theart club is for members only. You can’t go in ____you are a
    member.

a.unless b. because c. if d. though

  1. Nowmany parents send their children to foreign countries, _____
    they want them toget a better education.

a.until b. though c. because

  1. —-What would some students like to do after finishing their
    education?

—- They would like to start towork_______ they needn’t depend
on their parents completely.

a. assoon as b. so that c. before d. while

考点五 定语从句

修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词,引导定语从句的词叫关系词(关系代词和关系副词)。

1.关系代词的基本用法

作主语

作宾语

作定语

指人

who\that

who\whom\that\省略

whose

指物

which\that

which\that\省略

whose

The man __________spokeat the meeting is from Hong Kong.
(指人作主语)

Thebuilding ___________is being built will be used as a
hospital.(指物作主语)

I visiteda scientist _______ name is known all over the world.
(指人作定语)

  1. 关系代词特殊用法

(1)当关系代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词要与先行词保持一致。

He is oneof the boys who ______ (like) playing football.

He is theonly one of the boys who________ (like) playing
football.

(2) 通常以下四种情况关系代词只能用that而不能用which.

1) 先行词为all, much, something, everything, nothing,little, none, the
one 等不定代词时

2)先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。

3)当先行词被the only, the very, the just等修饰时。

4)先行词中既有人又有物时。

  1. 关系副词的基本用法。

1) when 在句中作状语,表示时间。

2) where 在句中作状语,表示地点。.

3) why 在句中作状语,表示原因。

Heremembers the day _______ he joined the League.

This isthe reason_______ he is late today.

This isthe place _______ Lu Xun was born.

练习

一、用括号内所给的动词的适当形式填空。

  1. Mrs.Wang said that she ______(buy) a new car the next day.

  2. OurEnglish teacher told us that Christmas ________(be) on
    December 25.

  3. I’lltell you as soon as Kate ______(come) here.

  4. Couldyou tell me when your father ______(go) to New York? When
    he ______(go) there,we’llsee him off.

  5. Homewith Kids is one of the TV sitcoms that _______(make) us
    laugh again and again.

二、单项选择

  1. Couldyou please keep the windows______? It’s so hot in the
    room.

a. open b. opens c. opened d. opening

  1. Workhard, _____ you’ll fall behind your classmates.

a. and b. but c. or d. so

  1. Benasked me ______ I had read the news in today’s newspaper.

a. that b. if c. what d. when

  1. —-Can you tell me _____?

—- Of course. He comes from Japan.

a. where does he come from b. where is he from

c. where he comes from d. where he wants to go

  1. Cathylikes comedies, _____ they’re very funny.

a. if b. so c. because d. until

  1. Hisbrother has been to Stone Forest twice_____ he came to
    Yunnan.

a. after b. before c. since d. for

  1. Theypiled the snow in one place ______ the children could make
    a snowman.

a. so that b. when c. because d. until

  1. —-Iwon’t go to the party tomorrow.

—-_____ you told me you would. What’shappening?

a. But b. So c. And d. Or

  1. Mr.Brown knows little Japanese, ______ he can’t understand the
    instructions on thebottle of the pills.

a. so b. or c. but d. for

  1. Youwill be late ____ you hurry up.

a. after b. when c. unless d. if

  1. Somepeople like to play mahjong, ____ others don’t.

a. when b. while c. as d. since

  1. ____he is young, ____ he knows several languages.

a. Though, but b. Because, so c. Though, \ d. Because,\

  1. Thisis the most interesting book____ I’ve read before.

a. that b. which c. who d. a&b

  1. Thisis the room in ____Chairman Mao lived.

a. that b. which c.who d. whom

15.August 1. 1927 was the day ____ the PLA was founded.

a. that b. which c. where d. when

  1. I like the place ____ I canhave a good time.

a. that b. which c. whered. when

三、写出下列句子的同义词,每空一词。

  1. The foreigners want to know howthey can learn Chinese kung fu well.

Theforeigners want to know ______ ______ learn Chinese kung
fu well.

  1. When does the train leave? I want toknow.

I want to know ________the train _________

  1. “Do you want to try somethingnew?” Tom’s mother asked him.

Tom’ mother asked him_____________ _______ to try
something new.

  1. You must be quick. If not, you’llmiss the early bus.

________ quick , ______ you willmiss the early bus.

  1. Jim’s mother let him watch TVafter he finished his homework.

Jim’s mother________ let him watchTV_______ he finished
his homework.

  1. You shouldn’t tell him your address, Ithink.

I ________ think you ______ tell him youraddress.

  1. He ran so fast that we couldn’t catch upwith him.

He ran ____ fast ______ _____________ catch up
with.

  1. This shirt was so cheap that becould buy it.

This shirt was _____ _______ ________
_______________ buy.

  1. He worked hard so that he couldmake more money.

He worked hard______ _______ ______ make moremoney.

  1. Because it snowed heavily, thetraffic had to stop.

The traffic had to stop ______ _______ the_______
snow.

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