K

  L

记念法1:常见9三个不平整动词的变化规律归结如下:

  keep (kept, kept)

  lab = laboratory n.

一、A—A—A型,即原形、过去式和过去分词叁者都同1。(共七个)

  keep on doing sth.

  labour (Am. labor) n.

cost—cost—cost

  key

  lack n. & v.

cut—cut—cut

  kick

  lady n.

hit—hit—hit hurt—hurt—hurt

  kill

  lake n.

let—let— let

  kilo

  lamp n.

put—put—put

  kilometre/kilometer

  land n. & v.

read—read—read

  kind

  language n.

set—set—set

  a kind of

  large a.

shut—shut—shut

  all kinds of

  last a. & v.

2、A—B—B型,即过去式、过去分词一样。(共41个)

  kindergarten

  late a. & ad.

壹 过去式和过去分词都富含-ought。(1个)

  king

  latter a.

bring—brought—brought

  kiss

  laugh n. & v.

buy— bought—bought

  kitchen

  laughter n.

think—thought—thought

  kite

  law n.

2 词尾有-ild,-end时,只需把d变为t。(4个)

  knee

  lawyer n.

build—built—built

  knife

  lay (laid, laid) v.

lend—lent— lent

  knock

  lazy a.

send—sent—sent

  knock at

  lead (led, led) v. & n.

spend—spent— spent

  knock into sb.

  leader n.

3 过去式、过去分词都带有-aught。(三个)

  know (knew, known)

  leaf (pl. leaves) n.

catch—caught—caught

  knowledge

  learn (learnt, learnt; -ed -ed) v.

teach—taught—taught

  L

  least n.

4 把-eep变为-ept。(3个)

  lab

  leather n.

keep—kept—kept

  labour

  leave (left, left) v.

sleep—slept—slept

  lack

  lecture n.

sweep— swept—swept

  ladder

  left a., ad. & n.

5 把-ell变为-old。(2个)

  lady

  leg n.

tell—told—told

  lake

  legal a.

sell—sold—sold

  lamp

  lend (lent, lent) v.

陆 过去式、过去分词都蕴涵-elt或-ilt。(陆个)

  land

  length n.

smell—smelt—smelt

  language

  lesson n.

spell—spelt—spelt

  large

  let (let, let) v.

feel—felt— felt

  last

  letter n.

spill—spilt—spilt

  at last

  level n.

七 过去式、过去分词都在本质词尾加t。(二个)

  late

  library n.

learn—learnt—learnt

  be late for (school)

  lie¹n. & v.

mean—meant—meant

  lately

  lie²(lay, lain) v.

spoil—spoilt—spoilt

  later

  life (pl. lives) n.

8 过去式、过去分词词尾是d。(伍个)

  laugh

  lift v. & n.

say—said—said

  law

  light n., v. & a.

pay—paid—paid

  lawyer

  like v. & prep.

lay—laid—laid

  lay (laid, laid)

  likely a.

hear—heard—heard

  lazy

  limit v.

玖 改成元音字母。(拾个)

  lead (led, led)

  line n. & v.

meet—met—met

  leaf

  link v. & n.

get—got—got

  league

  lion n.

sit—sat—sat

  league member

  lip n.

find— found—found

  learn (learnt/learned, learnt/learned)

  liquid n. & a.

hold—held—held

  least

  list n.

spit—spat—spat

  at least

  listen v.

shine— shone—shone

  leave (left, left)

  literature n.

win—won—won

  lecture

  litre (Am. liter) n.

hang—hung—hung

  left

  little (less, least) a.

dig— dug—dug

  on the left

  live v. & a.

lose—lost—lost

  leg

  lively a.

十 改动辅音字母。(三个)

  lend (lent, lent)

  load n.

make—made—made

  length

  loaf n.

1壹 改动元、辅音字母。(伍个)

  less

  local a.

leave—left—left

  less than

  lock n. & v.

stand—stood—stood

  lesson

  lonely a.

have(has)— had—had

  do one’s lessons

  long a. & ad.

understand—understood—understood

  have lessons

  look n. & v.

3、A—B—C型,即原形、过去式、过去分词都不雷同。(共33个)

  let (let, let)

  loose a.

1 i—a—u变化。(6个)

  let in

  lorry n.

begin—began—begun

  let out

  lose (lost, lost) v.

drink—drank—drunk

  letter

  loss n.

sing— sang—sung

  level

  lot n.

ring—rang—rung

  liberate

  loud a.

swim—swam—swum

  librarian

  love n.& v.

sink— sank—sunk

  library

  lovely a.

二 词尾为-ow,-aw时,过去式将其形成-ew,过去分词在其面目后加n。(5个)

  lie

  low a.& ad.

blow—blew—blown

  lie (lay, lain)

  luck n.

draw—drew—drawn

  life

  lucky a.

grow— grew—grown

  lifetime

  luggage n.

know—knew—known

  lift

  lunch n.

throw—threw—thrown(show除外)

  light (lit/lighted, lit/lighted)

  lung n.

3

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词尾为“i+辅(二个)+e”,过去式将i变为o,过去分词多在精神后加n,若非常辅音字母为d或t,须双写d或t后加n。(七个)(give,hide除了这几个之外)

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drive—drove—driven

  特别表明:由于各省点景况的穿梭调节与变化,天涯论坛网所提供的具有考试音讯仅供仿照效法,敬请考生以权威部门揭橥的标准音讯为准。

  非常表达:由于各方面境况的不断调节与转换,博客园网所提供的保有考试音讯仅供参照他事他说加以考察,敬请考生以权威部门发布的正经新闻为准。

write—wrote—written

写进博客

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ride— rode—ridden

复制标题和链接发给老铁;)

rise—rose—risen

四 过去分词在过去式后加(e)n。(六个)

break—broke—broken

choose—chose—chosen

freeze—froze—frozen

speak—spoke—spoken

wake—woke— woken

5 过去分词由过去式加-ten构成。(1个)

forget—forgot—forgotten

6 过去分词由真相加(e)n构成。(五个)

be—was(were)—been

eat—ate—eaten

fall—fell—fallen

give—gave—given

see—saw—seen

hide—hid—hidden(hid)

7 词尾为-ake时,过去式将其成为-ook,过去分词在原形词后加-n。(一个)

take—took—taken

mistake—mistook—mistaken

八 真相、过去式和过去分词都不等同。(四个)

do—did—done

fly—flew—flown

go—went—gone

lie—lay—lain

show—showed—shown

wear—wore—worn

四、A—A—B型,即过去式和真相一样。(3个)

beat—beat—beaten

伍、A—B—A型,即过去分词和本质一样。(一个)

come—came—come

become—became—become

run— ran—run

6、情态动词型,只有原形和过去式,未有过去分词。(四个)

can—could

may—might

will—would

shall—should

记念法2:不规则动词相对于规则动词来讲,难记得多,是最难对付的一类词。学生难学,老师难教。幸而它们不是无规律的,可依赖个中的一对里边规律来纪念。上面给大家介绍一种总结回主见,以期大家在攻占那壹难点时,能选择一语双关的效果。

1、 原形、过去式、过去分词同样:

cost/cut/hit/hurt/let/put/read/shut

(细心的您早晚会意识,那些词中多数是以字母t结尾的。)

2、 原形、过去式同样,过去分词差别:

beat/beat/beaten

3、 原形、过去分词一样,过去式不相同:

come/came/come become/became/become run/ran/run

(come,become,属不规则变化,但welcome属规则动词,其过去式、过去分词为:welcomed,welcomed)

四、 过去式,过去分词同样:

(一) 去掉字母组合ee中的2个e

meet/met/met feed/fed/fed

(2) 去掉字母组合ee中的二个e,然后再在词尾加t

feel/felt/felt sleep/slept/slept

keep/kept/kept sweep/swept/swept

(三) 词尾为的ll 去掉一个l加t

spell/spelt/spelt smell/smelt/smelt spill/spilt/spilt

(4) 过去式和过去分词以aught或ought结尾

catch/caught/caught teach/taught/taught bring/brought/brought

buy/bought/bought think/thought/thought

(5) 将stand改为stood

stand/stood/stood understand/understood/understood

(6) 将ay改为aid

lay/laid/laid pay/paid/paid say/said/said

(7) 将d改为t

lend/lent/lent send/sent/sent

spend/spent/spent build/built/built

(8) 将i改为a , o, u等

sit/sat/sat spit/spat/spat

dig/dug/dug win/won/won

(9) 将ell改为old

tell/told/told sell/sold/sold

(10) 词尾加t

learn/learnt/learnt mean/meant/meant

dream/dreamt/dreamt spoil/spoilt/spoilt

(1一) 有三种过去式和过去分词, 一种是不对的, 一种是平整的:

learn/learnt/learnt learn/learned/learned

shine/shone/shone shine/shined/shined

hang/hung/hung hang/hanged/hanged

smell/smelt/smelt smell/smelled/smelled

burn/burnt/burnt burn/burned/burned

light/lii/lit light/lighted/lighted

(12) 其它

have(has)/had/had hear/heard/heard

shoot/shot/shot lose/lost/lost

hold/held/held get/got/got(AmE gotten)

find/found/found make/made/made

leave/left/left

5、叁者均不相同:

(一) 过去式以ew结尾、过去分词以own结尾

blow/blew/blown fly/flew/flown

grow/grew/grown know/knew/known

throw/threw/thrown

值得注意的是:

show/showed/shown或showed draw/drew/drawn

(二)改i为a造成过去式、改i为u形成过去分词

begin/began/begun drink/drank/drunk

ring/rang/rung sing/sang/sung

swim/swam/swum sink/sank/sunk

(三)改i为o产生过去式,过去分词以n结尾

drive/drove/driven write/wrote/written

rise/rose/risen ride/rode/ridden

(4) 原形后加n产生过去分词

drive/drove/driven rise/rose/risen eat/ate/eaten

give/gave/given fall/fell/fallen

(5) 过去式后加n产生过去分词

break/broke/broken choose/chose/chosen

freeze/froze/frozen mistake/mistook/mistaken

steal/stole/stolen speak/spoke/spoken

take/took/taken wake/woke/woken(或woke)

(6)其它

be/was或were/been do/did/done forget/forgot/forgotten

go/went/gone hide/hid/hidden see/saw/seen

wear/wore/worn

六、 有三种过去式和过去分词,但词义一样。

wake/woke/woken (或woke) wake/waked/waked

sink/sank/sunk sink/sunk/sunken

7、动词因其过去式、过去分词有两种样式而发出不相同词义:

shine、hang的二种过去式和过去分词:

shone/shone照耀shined/shined擦亮

hung/hung悬挂hanged/hanged绞死

八、七个既能够做过去式,又有啥不可做动词原形的词

lie躺卧lay/lain/lying(未来分词)

lay放,下蛋laid/laid/laying

find 找到、发现find/found/found

found 创建,成立 found/founded/founded

玖、依照动词之间的词义联系来回忆

(一)词义相对:

(1) come/came/come来—— go/went/gone去

(2) give/gave/given给——get/got/got(AmE gotten)获得

(3) sleep/slept/slept睡觉—wake/woke/woken (或woke)

或wake/waked/waked 醒来

(4) rise/rose/risen上升、上涨、升起——fall/fell/fallen下降、落下、倒下

sink/sank/sunk sink/sunk/sunken 沉下, (使)下沉

(5) buy/bought/bought买—— sell/sold/sold出售, 卖

(6) take/took/taken带去——bring/brought/brought 带来

(7) teach/taught/taught教——learn/learnt/learnt

或learn/learned/learned学习、学会

(8) lose/lost/lost丢失、失败——find/found/found找到

win/won/won赢得、(获)胜

(9) stand/stood/stood站、立——sit/sat/sat坐

(10) send/sent/sent 送、寄、发送——get/got/got获得、收到

(贰)词义周边:

(1) beat/beat/beaten 打, 打败win/won/won赢得、获胜

(2) understand/understood/understood 懂, 了解

know/knew/known 知道, 了解, 认识

(3) get/got/got(AmE gotten)变成、成为、变得

become/became/become 变成, 成为, 变得

go/went/gone变成turn/turned/turned变成

(4) spend/spent/spent 花费、度过

pay/paid/paid 支付、交纳

cost/cost/cost花费、价值为

take/took/taken花费

(5) say/said/said说、讲

speak/spoke/spoken说、演讲

tell/told/told 告诉、说、吩咐、断定

talk/talked/talked谈话, 讲, 谈论, 议论

回主张3:

1.无变化,过去式与实质一样。

let→let, put→put, hit→hit, must→must, set→set, beat→beat, cast→cast,

cost→cost, cut→cut, hurt→hurt, read→red, shut→shut

(shed→shed split→split spread→spread burst→burst)

贰.元音字母的浮动。

i→a: begin→began, drink→drank, ring→rang, sing→sang, swim→swam,
give→gave,

sit→sat, sink→sank

i→o: drive→drove, ride→rode, shine→shone, write→wrote, rise→rose,

win→won,

(strive→strove arise→arose)

i→ou: find→found (wind→wound, bind→bound, grind→ground)

a→oo: take→took, shake→shook

e→o: get→got, forget→forgot

o→a: come→came, become→became

oo→o: shoot→shot, choose→chose

三.元音字母组合的改动。

aw/ow/y→ew:draw→drew, blow→blew, grow→grew, know→knew, throw→threw,

fly→flew

四.元音字母和辅音字母都有浮动。

(1) sell→sold, tell→told, retell→retold

(2) say→said, pay→paid, lay→laid, relay→relaid

(3) sweep→swept, keep→kept, sleep→slept, creep→crept

(4) bring→brought, buy→bought, think→thought, fight→fought

(5) catch→caught, teach→taught

(6) can→could, will→would, shall→should

5.辅音字母变化。

(1)build→built, send→sent, bend→bent, lend→lent, rend→rent, spend→spent

(2)make→made, have→had, hear→heard

(3)mean→meant, learn→learnt

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